Inventory management is critical to the health of a business since it ensures that there are seldom too much or too few goods on hand, reducing the danger of stockouts and erroneous records. The basic issues of inventory management include having too much inventory and not being able to sell it, not having enough inventory to fulfill requests, and not knowing what things you have in inventory and where they are located. Inventory management assists small businesses in determining which and how much stock to purchase at what time. It monitors inventories from acquisition to sale. The process detects and reacts to patterns to ensure there is always adequate stock to satisfy client requests and send appropriate notifications during a shortage.
Inventory (although being represented as an asset on the balance sheet) locks up cash before it is sold. As a result, having too much stock costs money and lowers cash flow. Inventory turnover is one indicator of successful inventory management. Inventory turnover is one metric for successful inventory management. Inventory turnover is an accounting metric that shows how often stock is sold in a given time. A business does not desire more stock than sales. Insufficient inventory turnover may result in deadstock or unsold stock.
Inventory Management Advantages
There are three major advantages of inventory management which assure small businesses that they can fulfill incoming or open orders to increase their earnings. The three key advantages of inventory management are:
- Save money – Understanding stock patterns allows you to understand how much and where your stock is located at any given time, allowing you to make better use of what you have. This also enables you to hold less stock at each location (store, warehouse) since you may draw from anywhere to fulfill requests – all of this reduces inventory costs and the quantity of product that goes unsold before it becomes outdated.
- Improves Cash Flow – When you manage your inventory properly and efficiently, you spend money on products that sell, so cash is continually flowing through the business.
- Customer Satisfaction – One aspect of cultivating loyal consumers is ensuring they obtain the products or services they want without having to wait.